Changing times call for change in how we learn, unlearn, and relearn. The current education system also calls for a shift from the traditional classroom set-up. Although the chalk and blackboards are replaced by markers and whiteboards, the teacher still has a defined space, usually in front of the classroom, and the students sit in their own dedicated space of the classroom. It’s time we flipped this system of learning.
What is Flipped Learning?
Flipped learning does exactly what it sounds like – reversing the traditional learning dynamics completely. It could be defined as a type of education where the students are introduced to the subject content at home, and practice working through it at school. It is a blended learning approach, the face-to-face interaction between teachers and students is blended with the independent study via technology such as the use of e-learning apps or educational games or pre-recorded videos, etc.
Flipped Learning has four pillars
- Flexible Environment: Flexible study spaces is one of the important aspects of flipped learning. Be it in their study room or the garden in the backyard, be it early morning or late night, the students can choose when and where they would like to learn. Educators can also be flexible in their expectations with respect to deadlines.
- Learning Culture: The flipped learning method is a learner-centered approach and the in-class time is dedicated to exploring the subject in depth.
- Intentional Content: The educators of flipped learning are more focused on providing a conceptual understanding to the students.
- Professional Educator: Professional educators of the flipped learning observe the students, provide them with necessary feedback, and assess their work.
Advantages of Flipped Learning
Flipped learning offers various advantages to the teachers as well as learners, such as,
- Self-paced learning: In flipped learning, the students are provided with an opportunity to have control over their own learning. It could be liberating for slow learners. The pre-recorded videos or study material can give freedom to students to learn at their own pace outside the classroom. They can make a list of all the questions they might have and discuss it with the teachers and peers in class.
- Deep-dive into the subjects: If the student is aware of the basics of a certain subject, diving deeper into the learning material would be easy. The flipped learning allows students to participate in collaborative projects, discussion, and concept application which sequentially helps in a deeper understanding of the concepts. At Vanderbilt University, the improvement in the test scores were evident when the class practiced flipped learning in 2011.
- Increased Student Engagement: When the students are taught through pre-recorded videos, the engagement of students is high. There are various reasons for this. Generally, flipped learning takes place in isolation which reduces the intervention during the class. Hence, it amplifies the concentration of the student.
- Transparency for Parents: Unlike classroom education, parents have access to all the learning materials of the child. They can easily keep track of the child’s performance and at the same time, help the children wherever necessary.
- Better Prepared: After studying from the pre-recorded videos, e-learning apps and other digital content at home, students go to the classroom prepared with ideas and questions. This encourages the children to be active learners and helps the children to be accountable and have a sense of responsibility.
- Accessibility of Lessons: The video lectures, the required e-learning apps being available online all the time, the students who were forced to miss the class due to illness or some unforeseen circumstances, can catch up quickly.