If you are preparing for an exam that is going to happen in the near future, you might be certainly in search of certain tips or tricks that would come handy to memorize the huge chunk of information right before you. Here are some strategies that are backed by modern science which could be customised in to your study plans while helping you to boost your memory considerably.
- Practice of Distribution
This technique involves breaking the large piece of study portions into short study periods. This would be against the conventional practice in a massed manner where one has to carry out less study periods with long duration and cram the study material. In the former scenario, one understands the information slowly but memorises them thoroughly in comparison to the latter scenario. The distributed practice could be applied by the students by charting study sessions on a weekly basis instead of trying to cram all the subjects in the week just prior to the exam. Also the students could have a review of various topics from different subjects in the right proportion.
- Usage of Mnemonics
When it comes to this technique the major ones include
Acronyms: These include the first letter of the important points collectively remembered in the form of words. One example of this would be remembering the rainbow colors as the mnemonic word VIBGYOR
Narration Pattern: This would involve creating a story where the important facts in the form of words to be remembered are included in the story.This would involve remembering words in the form of poetic pattern like a cat met dog.
- Inter lacing
This would involve studying topics in a proportionate manner in one single sitting for study instead of focusing on a single topic at one time. For instance, if you are working on improving your arithmetic skills, you would have to give attention to all topics under it simultaneously like division, multiplication, subtraction and addition instead of working on one section like addition only. It is really important to understand the problems of different nature and what method to adopt in the exam.
- Practice Testing
One of the easiest way to keep one’s memory running is to retrieve information on a regular basis by practice. This could be achieved by making flash cards for continuous testing as this is one of the most effective methods in the memory recall. The benefit for this practice would be none other than the strengthening of neurons that stores the information and helps in its faster recall. The added benefit of this practice testing is to help you to identify your strengths and weaknesses and channelise one’s efforts where one is lagging behind.
- Answer Generation
This happens when you try to provide the answer before it is given to you. You could rely on this technique by asking important queries and strive to give the answer before checking the sheet with the answer.
- Elaborative Interrogation
This method would be helpful in creating logical explanations to statements during study hours.
For instance, if you get the idea behind a chemical element being a bit heavy than an another one, it would be ideal if you would ask to yourself as to why this case has happened and try to bring out the best solution possible for the question. The best part about forcing us this way is that it engages our retention power. Students would be able to do this by pondering themselves with questions while they are studying their textbooks or class notes.
- Breaking into Chunks
In this method, large pieces of information are broken into smaller bits or chunks and group the information pieces into a lot. For instance, it would be easy to hold a telephone number in memory when it is broken/ chunked to 3 or 4 groups. It would be really helpful in memorising various maths formulas by breaking them into smaller chunks and learn them part by part instead of trying to memorise them wholly.
- Try to Decipher Information
You have to make an effort to make an information to give some sense by connecting them with things like concepts you had learned already. This would be mighty effective if the newly learned information has been personalised to suit your study needs.For instance when you try to read a textbook, try to connect the information inside it to your own experiences in life. It would be ideal if you could write the notes in your own style rather than just copying them for the texts or class notes. Discuss the contents with your colleagues or fellow students. Order the material in the best possible manner for understanding. This is to ensure that points are connected instead of being scattered.