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To Mars and Back: Celebrating the Red Planet Day!

Team StoryWeavers|November 28, 2018| 53

A long time ago (about 3 or 4 billion years), Earth and Mars were so similar, they seemed like siblings! Even though one appeared blue in colour and the other a little rusty, they were both shrouded in warm and thick temperature and showcased several similarities. While Mars and Earth are very different planets when it comes to size and atmosphere, the geologic processes on the two planets are surprisingly alike. On Mars, we see volcanoes, canyons, and impact basins much like the ones we see on Earth.

Over a period of time, due to certain atmospheric changes, planet Mars stopped changing while the Earth continued to evolve. This made everyone super curious about the rusty red planet. Several space missions were carried out to understand the planet but they failed, proving again and again that space exploration was not easy. After years of failed attempts, on November 28th 1964, Spacecraft Mariner 4 became the first human-made object to successfully fly by Mars. A 228 days long mission, it brought the spacecraft within 6,118 miles of Mars on July 14th, 1965 and provided the world its first close–up images of the planet while answering many scientific questions. Since then, Mars exploration has undergone a renaissance with data from several orbiters and landing missions, developing a revolutionary new view of Mars as an Earth-like planet.

In order to commemorate the successful launch of Mariner 4, November 28th is celebrated as the Red Planet Day. As we celebrate 53 years of ‘Red Planet day’ this year, let’s explore and learn more about the planet Mars and its environment.  

So put on your red coloured clothes and let’s take a fun trip to the red planet with these lesser known facts:

  • The planet Mars has actually been known by several names throughout history. As early as the 400 B.C, the Babylonians began tracking the planet and called it Nergal (the king of conflicts). Later on the Greeks named the planets as Ares, after the God of War, which the Romans also adopted years later.
  • Mars has 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass. The Martian surface gravity is just 37% of the Earth’s, which means, you can leap nearly three times higher on Mars than on Earth!
  • Olympus Mons

    Olympus Mons

    The planet is home to the largest shield volcano-Olympus Mons in the solar system with a height of 21 km and a diameter of 600 km.

  • The minimum distance of the Earth from the red planet is 54.6 million kilometres; close enough for us to gape at its reddish beauty on a clear night sky.
  • Space researchers have estimated that in the next 20-40 million years Mars’ largest moon Phobos will be torn apart by gravitational forces which could lead to formation of a beautiful ring around the planet, lasting up to 100 million years.
  • What’s most exciting is that man may even make it to Mars soon! Yes, Elon Musk and SpaceX have proposed the development of Mars transportation infrastructure in order to facilitate the eventual colonization of the planet. NASA is also making similar claims, saying that a manned mission may be possible in the next 25 years. This could be another huge leap for mankind, turning science fiction into reality.
  • This week NASA’s InSight spacecraft successfully landed on the Red Planet! Insight (short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) won’t be looking for life on Mars. It will help study its insides to get a better understanding of how a planet’s starting materials make it more or less likely to support life.

As one of our closest and most familiar neighbors, the Red Planet has served as the source of legends since the first storytellers slept under the stars. We understand Mars to a degree that we have not even come close to on any other planets or moons. This Red Planet Day, we urge you to follow updates on Mars closely and keep your curiosity alive!

About the Author


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Tanaya Goswami

Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at storyweavers@byjus.com if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!

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Comments


akshat

November 2, 2020

Byjus are very vverygood app

Anuradha Raghuvanshi

November 3, 2020

What if earth lost, oxygen for 10 seconds.?

Anuradha Raghuvanshi

November 3, 2020

What if earth lost oxygen for 10 seconds

Rishab

November 3, 2020

Happy red planet day from my side to all of you
This is very good book i love it

M.D Ayan

November 3, 2020

Mam online 6th ka classes start

Ayush

November 3, 2020

Can a hill as tall as olympus mons stand upright if it was made up of rock on Earth?

Sayyan

November 3, 2020

If there is humans in the mars we will exite sure because they will be different from us to see for everything and if the students who are not interested in scince they will all interest in science 😁

Bindu Madhavi

November 3, 2020

Thank you for providing us valuable and very very interesting information about the Red planet “MARS” making us more curious about it…..😊

Aman Mishra

November 3, 2020

Thanks byjus for for helping me in understanding maths and seince.I have improved a lot

Arnab Maitra

November 3, 2020

Very essential information for us.

Tanvi

November 3, 2020

What is the temperature of the moon

Aditya Raj

November 4, 2020

Please send class 3 month 9 study plan please 🙏

Amrita Ghosh

November 4, 2020

Please change my timetable give by Byjus team its very hard to maintain it .Please.

Ritu

November 4, 2020

Mars

Keshav verma

November 4, 2020

What if moon is larger then earth

Arivanan Goswami

November 4, 2020

Pls visit website arivanangoswami.whjr.site

Anumitha

November 4, 2020

Wow!!! This information is really useful, especially for budding astronauts or any interested in astronomy… Thank you Byjus!!

Pravin

November 4, 2020

Thanks for nice and wonderful Infos

Ashish Daniel

November 4, 2020

Wow byju s cool can you send more updates on Mars and other planets

Aishani

November 4, 2020

Why do all objects have properties

Rachna Jayakumar

November 4, 2020

What if we have to India?🤔

Sreejan

November 4, 2020

Wowww!! I love it I have a great interest in knowing about space and planet mars is the mysterious in our solar system ,and I am very happy to know this all about planet.Thank you so much 😊😊

Adarsh Krishna Mishra

November 4, 2020

What if there is a new dimensions And there is a kind of barrier which stops us to be in higher dimensions

Aditya Balu Thombe

November 4, 2020

One feature I wil advise that make direct contact between student and mentor by text in byjus app

Anshika Singh

November 5, 2020

It is quite cool

Arpit Singh

November 5, 2020

Elon Musk is my huge inspiration because of him now I am more interested space and I have been knowing that Elon Musk one day with SpaceX will make human life settle on Mars one day

Ishmam Mehnaz

November 5, 2020

It’s very good👍👍👍👍

Ishita Mukhopadhyay

November 5, 2020

If the world ended tomorrow,then what can we do as humans to try and save it for the last time?

anshuman

November 6, 2020

what if there were alian on earth

Harshita Kunwar

November 6, 2020

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Jitendra sai

November 6, 2020

I like because there is a lot of fun activities

Shaikh Ayesha

November 6, 2020

Thanks

G.V.N.Sanjana

November 6, 2020

✨✨Very Interesting topic✨✨

Javeria Fathima

November 7, 2020

I like the topic

Balvinder Singh

November 7, 2020

I like it

Akashdeep singh

November 7, 2020

I like this topic 😘😘

Walter haorei

November 8, 2020

My first doubt is if Mars & earth were similar why don’t they have the same colour,my second doubt is if Mars exits then how it will affect earth,my third doubt is how can we join NASA

KRISHNAVENI V NAIR

November 8, 2020

KRISHNAVENI like Hindi movie so much. My favorite subject is Science , I had got 19 / 20. My favorite dessert is Red Velvet Cake

Subhra Chakraborti

November 9, 2020

I wanna go there. That’s what I saw in my dreams. I love BYJU’S. Thank you Byju’s for this information.

Renna fathima. P

November 9, 2020

Very interesting topic.. so please send this kind of knowledge once in all week. We are waiting for that.

Trishita Gupta

November 10, 2020

Nice

Ankita Adhikary

November 11, 2020

What if earth loses day and night system for 1day

Noora

November 12, 2020

If life surly exists on Mars and if people start living what will happen to the earth will everyone go to the red planet and will earth be in a good condition and will Mars be as comfortable as earth to live in

Omkar

November 13, 2020

👌🏻

M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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Heena

November 14, 2020

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Very nice

Ishika Singh

November 17, 2020

Wow this is very good

Haarika Y.M

November 19, 2020

What if Earth lost all the gasses and the trees,plants stop growing?

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