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This Month in Science History – Scientists Born in April

Team Storyweavers
April 29, 2019

Science is constantly evolving, helping us understand the world better. Throughout history, some of the greatest inventors and scientists were born in April. Their contributions to the field of science have changed the way we understand and perceive the world. But most importantly, they inspire us to strive for better, question more, and trust our instincts to reach our goals.

Here are a few famous scientists born in the month of April

Sophie Germain

Birthday: April 1, 1776

Birthplace: France

Fields: Mathematics, Physics, and Philosophy

Trivia: Germain’s work on Fermat’s Last Theorem laid a foundation for other mathematicians who were exploring the subject for years.

Honours: Germain was the first woman to win the Mathematics Prize awarded by the French Academy of Prizes.

Known for: Her notable contribution to the study of acoustics, number and elasticity theories.

Ananda Mohan Chakrabarty

Birthday: April 4, 1938

Birthplace: India

Fields: Microbiology

Trivia: In 2008, Chakrabarty co-founded his second bio-pharmaceutical company called Amrita Therapeutics to develop therapies and vaccines to treat cancer.

Honours: Scientist of the Year Award by the Industrial Research Organisation of the United States (1975), Golden Eurydice Award (2007) and Padma Shri (2007).

Known for: Chakrabarty’s remarkable role in genetically engineering a new species of Pseudomonas bacteria (oil-eating bacteria) in 1971 opened gates to the world of genetics and nuclei.

Robert Burns Woodward

Birthday: April 10, 1917

Birthplace: United States of America

Fields: Organic Chemistry

Trivia: Woodward worked closely with Roald Hoffmann in synthesising vitamin B-12 and formulated the Woodward-Hoffmann Rules.

Honours: ForMemRs (1956), Davy Medal (1959), National Medal of Science (1964), Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1965), Willard Gibbs Award (1967), and Copley Medal (1978).

Known for: Woodward is known for organic synthesising of cholesterol and chlorophyll, Woodward cis-hydroxylation, and molecular structure determination.

Leonardo da Vinci

Birthday: April 15, 1452

Birthplace: Italy

Fields: Renaissance art, music and architecture, Mathematics and Science

Trivia: Known as the greatest painters of all time, Vinci painted the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and the iconic Vitruvian Man.

Honours: Though he didn’t receive any awards during his lifetime, the Leonardo da Vinci Award was established by the Rotary Club of Florence in 1975 to honour outstanding young people in the field of science, technology, literature, and the arts.

Known for: Vinci is recognised as the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture. His sketches of the flying machine and other scientific futuristic technologies often credit him with the invention of the parachute, and helicopter

Carl Friedrich Gauss

Birthday: April 30, 1777

Birthplace: Germany

Fields: Mathematics, physics, astronomy, and writing

Trivia: When Gauss was just 21 years old, he wrote a book on number theory called the Disquisitiones Arithmeticae. For this, he was nicknamed as Princeps mathematicoru” and “greatest mathematician since antiquity”

Honours: Lalande Prize (1809) and Copley Medal (1838)

Known for: Gauss is known for his contributions to the field of mathematics and science. His gave the world the Gauss Law for Magnetism and degaussing.

So, which scientist do you share your birthday with?

Do tell us about your favorite scientists and how they have inspired you.

Like this story? Read similar stories at The Learning Tree.

About the Author


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Tanaya Goswami

Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at storyweavers@byjus.com if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!

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