Father’s Day: They Did It First!

By Sara Fathima

June 17 , 2022

Pioneers in Science


Father of Trigonometry Famous for creating the first trigonometric table and solving spherical trigonometry problems. Also made significant contributions to Astronomy and Geography. 

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Father of Algebra Author of Al-Jabr - a treatise on algebra. Showcased the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. Introduced methods to reduce and balance equations.

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John Snow

Father of Epidemiology Investigated the role of water supply in the Golden Square outbreak of cholera in London. Also, contributed to the adoption of anaesthesia during childbirth.

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Father of Cryptanalysis Wrote the book, Manuscript on Deciphering Cryptographic Messages, which is said to have introduced the concept of breaking cyphers using frequency analysis. 

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Ernst Chladni

Father of Meteoritics Published a book which hypothesised that meteorites are masses from space. They could be debris from the destruction or formation of planets.

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Peter Artedi

Father of Ichthyology Known for his detailed and only published work on the classification of fish. His promising career was cut short when he drowned at 30.

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Father of Paediatrics Published a monograph to approach Paediatrics as an independent field. Also, distinguished between measles and smallpox, and wrote the first home medical manual.  

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John Dalton

Father of Atomic Theory  Was the first to describe all matter in the form of atoms and their properties. He’s also popular for his research on colour blindness. 

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