Types of Doctors You Can Be

By Sara Fathima

June 30, 2022

Specialisation in Medicine

Infectious Disease Specialists

Treat illnesses such as flu, pneumonia, common cold, etc. They are trained in  clinical and laboratory skills to help  them make a diagnosis and put together treatment plans for infectious diseases.

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Treat diseases of the brain and the nervous system. They are not surgeons. They help in pain management and treating movement disorders. They test spinal fluid and study  brain scans to manage neurological illnesses. 

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Cardiothoracic Surgeons

Are experts in surgical procedures for the heart, lungs, oesophagus, and the chest cavity. Coronary artery disease, heart defects, and aneurysms of the arteries are some of the conditions treated by these surgeons.

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Plastic Surgeons

Carry out reconstructive procedures on birth disorders, injuries, or burns. Some plastic surgeons are cosmetic surgeons. The speciality is vast and competitive, providing care for myriad conditions  — from migraines to burns.  

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Are doctors that treat the little humans  from birth to 18 years. They conduct  physical examinations, carry out immunisations, and provide information  about child nutrition. They also treat  illnesses and injuries in children

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Medical Geneticists

Are doctors trained to evaluate, manage,  and treat individuals with hereditary  disorders. They are skilled in modern  cytogenic and genome testing, which  helps them prevent and create treatment plans for genetic disorders. 

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Are the main healthcare providers for people with cancer. They provide support, create treatment plans, and also coordinate with other specialists. Oncologists are also certified in haematology – diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders. 

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Sports Medicine Specialists

Are physicians who help athletes in preventing and treating illnesses or  injuries. They are non-surgeons who  treat musculoskeletal conditions.  They also facilitate safe strength  training for athletes and others.

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