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Facts You Must-Know About Republic Day Parade 2022

Team StoryWeavers|March 01, 2022, 18:10 IST| 71

Republic Day parade - 2022

Dear readers,

Wish you all a very happy 73rd Republic Day

A day where the whole family sits together, eyes glued to the television broadcasting the iconic parade in New Delhi. The Republic Day parade begins with the unfurling of the Indian National Flag by the President of India, followed by a pride march by several regiments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, along with their marching bands. A roar of cheers lifts the spirit in the atmosphere when tableaux from one’s own state signifying the culture and tradition marches on the parade ground.

Each year, the Republic Day parade brings in us a sense of pride and freedom. It was on this day in 1950 that India declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the constitution. 

While enjoying the sense of pride that this parade brings in each year, have you ever wondered why republic day is celebrated with a march? Why do the armed forces showcase their competency? What is the purpose of tableaux in each state? And who gets awarded on such a day by the President?

Let’s understand a bit about the Republic Day and the big parade.

Indian Republic Day parade

Why do we have a Republic Day?

When India got its independence from British Rule on 15 August 1947, a need was felt for the country to have its own constitution. A committee was set to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar as its chairman. It was a huge document which laid down procedures, powers, duties, fundamental rights and directive principles of the Government of India and the Indian citizens. (You must have heard that our Indian constitution runs on the principles ‘of the people, for the people and by the people’ which signifies that the power is vested in the hands of the Indian citizen.) The committee drafted the constitution and submitted it to the Constituent Assembly, which adopted the constitution. After making some modifications, the constitution finally came into effect on 26 January 1950. It was on this very day when Dr Rajendra Prasad began his first term of office as the first President of India. 

Also Read: Facts About The Indian Constitution

What is a Republic Day parade?

Every year on 26 January, you see a colourful and spectacular parade marching from the Rastrapati Bhawan (Presidential Palace) along Rajpath, to India Gate and from there to Red Fort with much pomp and glory. Marching a distance of roughly 8 kilometres, the parade is to celebrate our democratic ethos and faith in constitutional values. Be it the display of discipline by the army battalions, the colourful tableaux from the states, or the breathtaking formations of military aircraft, the Indian guts, grit, and glory are on full display. 

Who conducts the Republic Day Parade and why?

The President of India conducts this parade each year, while the Minister of Defence arranges it. Guests from other countries visit India to witness the beautiful march that lasts for about 90 minutes.  

Apart from the official parade, the flag hoisting and the cultural shows, the Republic Day program also pays tribute to the martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country. The President of India confers bravery awards on military persons, citizenry and children for showing courage in the face of adversity. 

While you have been enjoying the Republic Day parade for all these years, did you know that a Republic day ceremony lasts for three days, ending the ceremony with Beating The Retreat on 29 January? Here are seven facts you need to know about the Republic Day Parade.

                   Seven must-know facts about the Republic Day parade

  1. Rajpath was not the organising centre for the parade from 1950 to 1954. The first few venues for the parade were Irwin Stadium (now National Stadium), Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Maidan.
  2. When the first parade was held in Rajpath in 1955, The Governor-General of Pakistan, Malik Ghulam Muhammad, was invited.
  3. While the national Anthem is sung to signal the start of the parade, 21 guns are sounded as salutes. However, the firing is not done with 21 cannons. Instead, 7 cannons of the Indian army, which are known as ‘25-Ponders’, are used for the firing in 3 rounds.
  4. The entire Republic Day celebration is a musical affair, with several songs played throughout the parade. Most songs change, but one, which remains constant year after year is a Christian hymn ‘Abide With Me’, which was apparently a favourite song of Mahatma Gandhi. 
  5. The preparation for the parade begins in July of the previous year, where the participants practice the parade at their related regiment centres and reach Delhi by December. During their final rehearsal, each group covers a distance of 12 kilometres while on the day of the main event, they cover only 9 kilometres. Judges are seated all through the way of the parade, who judge every participating group based on 200 parameters and award the title of ‘best marching group’ to the winner. 
  6. During the Republic Day, Padma awards are given by the President to the selected civilians for their bravery and distinguished services. These awards are classified into three different categories:
    • Padma Vibhushan
    • Padma Bhushan
    • Padma Shree
  7. The Indian Beating Retreat marks the official ending of the three-day ceremony. Bands of three wings of the Indian military – the army, navy and the air force conducts the Beating Retreat.
Republic Day parade in front of India Gate

Republic Day parade in front of India Gate

Republic Day Parade in 2022

Unlike other years, there will be a big change in the Republic Day parade in 2022. Because of the ongoing pandemic (and new COVID-19 variant) the Republic Day parade will be toned down in terms of the number of spectators, the size of marching contingents, and other side attractions. Approximately 24,000 people will be allowed to attend the Republic Day parade as opposed to 1.25 lakh people who attended in 2020. 

This will also shorten the program by ending the parade at National Stadium, instead of marching up to the Red Fort and tableaux performing at the Red Fort. 

Marking 75 years of Indian Independence, the National Gallery of Modern Art will display 750-metre-long scrolls depicting stories of valour in the Freedom Struggle on the Rajpath.

Did you notice any of these changes? Which was your favourite part in the Republic Day parade? Do tell us in the comments below.

Liked this story? Read more interesting stories in the Learning Tree blog.

Also Read:

About the Author

Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!

Leave a Comment



Surya akshar

February 12, 2022

It’s interesting

Sanika Sachin Mhaisdhune.

February 10, 2022

Thanks for information

Anirva Mahadeo Dhote

February 6, 2022

I like when the 3 groups of Indian army fire round of 25- ponders as a salute to India and the fighter jets fly and form the Indian flag by smoke ….


February 3, 2022

Jai hind jai bharat

Sai Snigdha Hati

February 2, 2022

Good Morning Sir/madam

Happy 73rd republic day my teachers and my friends
Have wonderful day my teachers

Bless me for my future

Jaya Sen

February 1, 2022


Anannya kaldate

February 1, 2022

I like this information so much
It is happy day to all
I think that this is the day when all are free
Once again
HAPPY 73RD REPUBLIC DAY to all teachers and all student friends
Jay Hind, Jay bharat

Medhansh Gupta

February 1, 2022

It was a very nice information from byjus . I am also a byjus stundent
Name- Medhansh

Ishan Saini

January 31, 2022

My favourite part in the republic day parade is the bike stunt part

Praneeth kumar

January 31, 2022

Happy republic day to


January 30, 2022

Republic Day is one of my favourite days. I got to know a lot of information about the Republic Day and I would like to attend Republic Day once because I saw it has a big parade.Thanks to Byjus I could get a lot of information.
Thanks and regards Sashreek Panda Grade-4

Payal yadav

January 30, 2022

Happy independence day all and my Byjus team. Byjus give all information about festivals. I love byjus ♥️♥️
Thank you

Tharun kumar

January 30, 2022



January 30, 2022

Happy Republic Day to all my friends and online tutor and offline to my lovely sir and mam ?


January 29, 2022

Hi I am Tanu happy republic day


January 29, 2022

This is very helpful app


January 29, 2022

This is very helpful app

Lakshita Gehlot

January 29, 2022

Let us pray for the prosperity and unity of our country. On this republic day, as we remember those who fought to give us freedom, and those too who are still fighting this fight in many ways.


January 28, 2022

Hi this is subhadarshini from Odisha.
A Happy 73th Republic Day my teachers ans my my friends
Have wonderful day my teachers
Love you all
Frome Harini

Vatsal Saini

January 28, 2022

Jai Hind Jai Bharat Jai Hind Jai Bharat ?????????????????????????????????? I am Vatsal Saini

Ruchika biswas

January 28, 2022

I love my india

Sourajyoti Das

January 28, 2022

Very happy republic Day to all of my byjus friends and teachers ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

Dolly Malviya

January 27, 2022


Anisha Biswal

January 27, 2022

Hi Anisha here
Happy 73rd Republic day to all our dear teachers.
Thank You

Lavanya M.K

January 27, 2022

Hi Byjus
Really it is a very interesting facts. I am proud to be an Indian.It is very informative information I didn’t known. Now I understood.
Thank u.


January 27, 2022

Hi this Rakhi of grade 5
First I want to wish a Very Happy 73 Republic day to all of the byju’s teachers and my friends ?????????? Jai Hind


January 27, 2022

Hello, I am Vanshika
A Happy Republic day to teachers
thank for greeting

Aishika Ghosh

January 27, 2022

Learning about the past, really satisfy me. And hearing about all the Freedom fighters is my another favourite job. And for every incident, wanting to know the reason is such a fun to me. I liked this whole article and also the biography of the author Tanaya Goswami, who took her time and let us know all about Republic Day. All the descriptions attracted me. Thanks to Tanaya Goswami, to let us know all current affairs about Republic and also to write this article.

Sobha singh

January 27, 2022

Proud to be Indian ??
A very happy Republic day to every Indian ?


January 27, 2022

Hi this is Ahsan
First of all I wanted to wish everyone a happy 73rd Republic day. I also wanted to tell that after reading this article I learned so much about the Republic day and was glad to be able to see this

Siya thakur

January 27, 2022

It was very good information to hear this . And this very helpful to general knowledge ☺️☺️☺️☺️


January 27, 2022

I don’t know all of this


January 27, 2022

Jai Hind ?


January 27, 2022

Happy republic day teacher and my friends and ones agan to all happy republic day teacher and friends lot of happy happy republic day

Rashi Mishra

January 27, 2022

happy republic day

Angel Mehta

January 27, 2022

Thank you …… it’s really interesting to read…… In this I ‘ve read so many good facts that I really like.. …… Thx ….

Mubashshara zafar

January 27, 2022

Thankyou for sharing these things to me it’s a very good thing and important to know these facts and I am lucky to be a part of byjus

Samiksha pilankar

January 27, 2022

I loved This Story . So many Interesting facts . It’s Just Mind-blowing !! My favorite part Was When haryana tableaux Shown The Model of Neeraj Chopra .
#Learnwithbyjus #ProudIndian


January 27, 2022

Happy Republic Day Byjus!

Blessy Christina c.

January 27, 2022

Thank you byjus same to you


January 27, 2022

Nice ? and amazing ? to read.

Beniel Yadid C. S

January 27, 2022

Very good. Thank you

Ritesh Yadav

January 27, 2022

Thank sir and Madam

Sujit kumar jena

January 26, 2022

Yes I excited so much and my favorite thing in republic parade is marching to the red fort I so proud of my country because I have a dream became a wing commander post in INDIAN AIR FORCE and I have a dream to marching in rajpath on Delhi and I proud of my country sometimes I think when I was young something the age of 19 then I was join INDIAN AIR FORCE I am so proud of my country thank you

Namitha Reddy

January 26, 2022

1)Held in 1950 and it has been held every year. The parade marches from the Rashtrapati bhawan along the Rajpath to India Gate and from there to Red Fort.
2) Two 75mm guns
3) Uttar Pradesh


January 26, 2022

The first parade was held in 1950, and it has been held every year since. The parade marches from the Rashtrapati Bhawan along the Rajpath, to India Gate and from there to Red Fort. It opens with the unfurling of the national flag by the President of India.The salute is given during the inauguration ceremony (by two 75mm guns) and during naval visits.Haryana has brought laurels to the country by bringing the maximum number of medals out of the total medals won by the country in national and international sporting events including Olympics. Uttarakhand’s state tableau is based on the theme ‘Pragati Ki Or Badhta Uttrakhand


January 26, 2022

Truly useful and beautifully written ? ?

Aditya Roy

January 26, 2022

Hi byjus’s, Teacher,
Good evening!
I got the very happiest after the reading about facts of republican day 73th times. Sir I am 4th class student from Delhi, I want to go big engineer and will do hard work for the engineering field and serve our country.

Thanks and regards,
Aditya Ray

Neeral Santosh wagh

January 26, 2022

Best facts I never know it thank you so much for this information and facts


January 26, 2022

I love it to read

Ritesh Kumar

January 26, 2022

I am present in republic day parade 2022


January 26, 2022

My best part was that when Indian Army Signal regement came. And another was that when girls come showing girls power on bike that was awesome.
Happy Republic Day!

Satyam Ray

January 26, 2022


Sai prasath

January 26, 2022

Happy Republic day this year parade was too change in 71 th Republic is too happy


January 26, 2022

Happy Republie day byjus


January 26, 2022

1 = The first parade was held in 1950, and it has been held every year since. The parade marches from the Rashtrapati Bhawan along the Rajpath, to India Gate and from there to Red Fort. It opens with the unfurling of the national flag by the President of India.
2 = The salute is given during the inauguration ceremony (by two 75mm guns) and during naval visits. These honors are extended to foreign heads of state when in State visit.
3 = A view of Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and other States tableaux participate in the Republic Day celebration, in New Delhi. File | Photo Credit: Shiv Kumar Pushpakar
Dinakar Peri
UPDATED: 28 JANUARY 2021 18:52 IST

Avishi gupta

January 26, 2022


Ipsit Patra

January 26, 2022



January 26, 2022


Pari arora

January 26, 2022

I am proud of my bharat

Pranju Saini

January 26, 2022

Good! I like facts ☺️☺️


January 26, 2022


Amay chandrayan

January 26, 2022

Thanks for the information & happy republic day.

Ansh Sharma

January 26, 2022


Abhishek padashetti

January 26, 2022

Happy 73rd republic day everyone on this day we should remember the drafting memebers and chairman of drafting committee

Dhruvika D Singh

January 26, 2022

PROUD to be an Indian ??
A very happy (73) Republic day to every Indian?

Rishav Raj

January 26, 2022

Thanks for giving us so wonderful facts and story of republic day

Tanisha tailor

January 26, 2022

I think that this article is the best article which ihad seen because this provides us the information about our republic day and kids like me are able to know that what happened years before us.
Thank you Byjus for providing us this great information.
Happy republic day to Byjus ??????????????????????????????????????????????????

Akshara Batu

January 26, 2022

My favourite part in the parade is that many people who are involved in this parade do this very smoothly and rythmatically . I think that they practice very hard to make it smooth….
A very happy Republic day 2 u Byjus..

Saanvi Rana

January 26, 2022

This is very nice aap


January 26, 2022

Hi this is Harini
A Happy 73th Republic Day my teachers ans my my friends
Have wonderful day my teachers
Love you all
Frome Harini


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