Fictional characters like Perry Mason(Perry Mason series), Atticus Finch(To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee), Jagdish Tyagi (Jolly LLB) and Govind (Damini) amongst many others have not only entertained us but made us truly appreciate the work of lawyers.
If like some of these characters you too are passionate about helping the needful and striving for more justice in the world, then this month’s careerscope is ideal for you! Let’s discuss the journey of becoming a lawyer.
Who is a Lawyer?
A lawyer/advocate is a person who has completed legal education or a graduate degree in law. He/she has the required knowledge about laws and legal procedures and can appear and plead for a person before the court of law. A lawyer also does the job of advising his/her clients for any legal situation.
Skills required to become a lawyer:
Unlike how it appears in TV shows and films, a lawyer’s work is much less dramatic! In the real world, it takes hours and hours of studying the law, reading cases, good teamwork and self-discipline to become a good lawyer. Here are some of the key skills you can start working on right away if you’re interested in becoming a lawyer someday:
There’s no barrier to enter this field after class 10. You can opt for either science, commerce or arts until class 12 and then apply for the various entrance tests for law colleges in India. Although it is recommended to take optional subjects like Political Science, History, Psychology, Economics, Legal studies while still in school.
After class 12, you can pursue a graduate degree in law (L.L.B.). The 5-year integrated course – BA-LLB program comes along with optional subjects of law. Some of the common course combinations offered in the 5-year integrated programs are B.A., L.L.B.(Hons), BBA, L.L.B(Hons), B.Com, L.L.B (Hons) or B.Sc, L.L.B (Hons). The 5-year integrated programme gives students early exposure to law and its functioning. The other option is the 3-year L.L.B. course, which you can pursue only after becoming a graduate in any other field of your choice. One can not get admission in the 3-year L.L.B. course right after class 12, like every other graduate course.
Top Institutes for 3-Year L.L.B Programs
Key Entrance Exams for 5-Year L.L.B Programs
Just like other entrance exams, law institutes also conduct some entrance tests specific to their institutes. So for example, to get into any of the 23 NLU’s one needs to clear CLAT conducted by the NLU’s from across the country. Some of the top undergraduate entrance examinations for Law are:
Note: All of these tests consist of sections like elementary Mathematics, English with Comprehension, Legal Aptitude, Current Affairs,General knowledge, and Logical Reasoning.
Key Entrance Exams for 3-Year L.L.B Programs
The entrance exams that enable admission in a 3-year L.L.B programs in different universities are as follows:
Note: Generally all of these tests consist of sections like English Language and Comprehension, General Knowledge, Current Affairs, Analytical & Logical Reasoning, Legal Awareness & Aptitude and Quantitative Aptitude.
Are Lawyers and Advocates the same?
No, they’re not. “All advocates are lawyers but not all lawyers are advocates”.
That is to say, an Advocate is a person who is registered with the Bar Council of India, which gives him/her the authority to fight cases in court. Whereas a Lawyer’s duty is to provide legal advice to firms, businesses, companies or individuals. Not all lawyers represent their clients in court. In short, Lawyers are graduates in L.L.B but unlike advocates, they are not enrolled with the Bar Council of India.
How to become an Advocate in India?
The journey of becoming an advocate is exactly the same as a lawyer with just one more step at the end. That is after acquiring a bachelor’s degree in law (either 3 year or 5 year programme), you appear for the All India Bar Examination conducted by the Bar Council of India. Once you clear this exam, you get a certificate of practice that makes you eligible to practice in court of law.
Specializations in Law
To specialise in a particular field of Law, you need to pursue a Master’s degree in Law (L.L.M). Students opt for L.L.M. usually when they are interested in the education field or research and publishing. Following are the most common specializations that L.L.M students opt for
A lawyer’s job is one of the most difficult ones and so it is often considered as one of the most rewarding careers. It takes a lot of hard work, dedication and wits to become a successful lawyer and if you are keen on becoming one, then you can start working on some of the skills required as mentioned in the article.
Pro tip: The first step towards this dream job is performing well in your 12th Board Exams and getting a good score, it always helps in your college admissions. BYJU’S-The Learning App has programs designed to prepare you for your boards. With adaptive and engaging videos, sample test papers for each concept and personalised feedback, BYJU’S visual learning methods will give you the necessary boost to prepare for your exams
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