Byjus Logo

A Simplified History of Bread for Children

Team StoryWeavers|December 27, 2022, 17:40 IST| 1

“Good bread is the most fundamentally satisfying of all foods; and good bread with fresh butter, the greatest of feasts.”

James Beard

Hello there!

Welcome to Pumpkin Mansion for the first-ever episode of the History of Everything. My name is Count Moon. I have been living as a vampire for the past 800 years now and can turn into a bat too. Today, I will share my knowledge about the history of bread. Let’s go! 

Before we start, check out the loaves of bread in the image below and think about which one of them would be the most fun to eat!

People around the world eat different kinds of bread every day – flatbread, fluffy bread, hard bread, long bread, round bread, etc. So, we can say that bread is one of the most popular foods in the world. Bread is made using different ingredients and methods in many parts of the world. We mostly bake bread, but in some places, bread is steamed, fried, or boiled to make it ready to eat. It is an important part of our daily life. 

Early bread

People in the past used to mix water with grain and cook it on hot stones over a fire. These early bread were called unleavened bread. The name means that no yeast or baking soda was used to make it fluffy like present-day bread; it was simply thick and flat. Unleavened bread such as Matzo and Pita are still eaten today. 

The bread was also used as an ‘edible’ plate called a trencher. At the end of the meal, the plate was eaten too. 

Can you guess which unleavened bread we Indians eat almost every day? Leave the answers in the comment section!

Bread as we know it today

Later, the bread got better. People started to develop different ways of making bread. They would save a bit of dough from the day before and later mix it with the new dough. So, the new dough had a chance to rise and also lasted longer. 

People either made bread at home or bought it in loaves. A loaf of bread is shaped and baked in one piece, and every time they had to cut a slice to eat it. Otto Frederick Rohwedder built the first bread-slicing machine to make it easy for everybody. Thanks to him, sliced bread is now available everywhere.

Many other scientific discoveries, like baking powder, have helped in the progress of making bread. As a result, commercial breadmaking is mainly mechanised today.

  • Mechanise (verb) – To change a process so that machines do the work instead of people
  • Commercial (adjective) – Related to buying and selling of things

The process of making bread

Bread has four main ingredients: flour, water, salt, and baker’s yeast. Flour gives bread shape and volume. Yeast makes the dough rise. Salt is added to the dough to make it taste delicious. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, or seeds are added to the dough for special loaves of bread. The taste, crust, moistness, and other qualities differ depending on what the bread is made of.

Bread around the world 

In different parts of the world, bread is made, called, and used differently. Here are some types of bread from around the globe: Roti, Baguette, Sourdough, Puri, Bhatura, Taftan, Focaccia, Ciabatta, and so on.

Disclaimer: This post has been overly simplified to make it easy for children (Ages 7-8) to read and understand. Kindly read the referenced material carefully for more information. 

Also read, 


  • Harbison, E. M. (1999). Loaves of Fun: A History of Bread with Activities and Recipes from Around the World. United States: Chicago Review Press. 

About the Author

“Me-kha-la!” That happens at least once when she introduces herself to new people. She wholeheartedly believes in the quote by Arthur Rubinstein that says – “if you love life, life will love you back”. She is an organizational psychologist and psychometrician. She was a class teacher of 36 adorable girls for two years, grades 2 & 3, as a part of the Teach For India Fellowship. These little girls have a special place in her heart, and when she writes for children, she writes for them!

Leave a Comment




December 28, 2022

Wonderful information byjus ever given us and thanks for giving world wide knowledge about every thing always ….


Join 100+MN Registered BYJU'S Users

Book Your Free Class Now

Thank you!

Your details have been submitted