Hello, and welcome to the newest episode of Kiki’s Knowledge Corner!
Our beloved home planet Earth has many fond names such as Gaia, Terra, Země, Erde, etc. One of the most popular names used to describe Earth is the ‘blue planet’. It is because about 71% of Earth’s surface is covered in water. This means that Earth has roughly 1,260,000,000,000,000,000,000 litres of water.
That’s a lot of water! Yet, only 3 per cent of all this water is freshwater, and only 1.2 per cent can be used as drinking water.
Over two-thirds of Earth’s freshwater is covered with ice caps and glaciers. It means that even though there is plenty of water on our planet, very little (less than one per cent of the world’s water supply) is available for use. And we use water every single day for brushing our teeth, bathing, cooking delicious food, etc.
That is why, today, we will talk about how to save water.
Reducing unnecessary water usage and making better use of the water that is already available is known as water conservation. By saving water, we can make sure that everyone has access to clean water today and in the future. Here are a few tips to reduce water usage and conserve water:
Turn off the water tap. One of the very first steps towards the conservation of water is to turn off the water tap when not in use. Remember to do so when you are brushing your teeth, washing your hands, or helping your parents wash the dishes. Also, remember to turn off the water taps that you notice are running for the whole day and not being used at home or even in school.
Bucket bath or shower – what to choose? Most people have a bucket bath with about 50 litres of water, which is about 2 buckets. 50 litres of water is used in 10 minutes also when using a standard shower head. This means that a shower could save more water if you stay within the 9.5 minutes time limit. Next time you shower, time it! Don’t forget to turn off the water tap while applying soap or shampoo in the shower to reduce the wastage of water.
Notify your parents about water leakage. Occasionally, there will be an undiscovered leak in the flush tank. You can find it by asking your parents to put a drop of food colouring or a spoonful of turmeric in the toilet tank to check for leaks. You can track for signs of the same colour around the flush system and find the leak in 30 minutes.
Water the plants at a fixed time. Water your plants in short intervals so that the soil gets ample time to absorb the water. If there is still dampness in the soil, you do not need to water the plants. If you water your plants early in the morning or late in the afternoon, the water will not evaporate before it gets to the roots.
Reuse and recycle. Almost everything requires the use of water to make and then to move to the store. Disposal of things you throw away also needs water. It means that by reusing and recycling things, such as water bottles and paper, you can save virtual water in the long run. Virtual water usage is the water used to make products and services that we use. It is also called indirect water use.
Eat mindfully. The water footprint of food depends on how and where it is grown, whether it is grown with the help of rainwater or with extra water supplied by the farmers, and how much pollution it causes. Pollution is when bad and harmful things are introduced into the environment. Processed food requires much more water to make than fruits and vegetables. For example, processed food like potato chips requires much more water to make and has a higher water footprint than whole potatoes. By eating less processed food and more fruits, vegetables and whole grains like millet, you can save virtual or indirect water and become healthier at the same time.
Do note that saving water and reducing our water footprint requires us to make small but meaningful changes in our lifestyle. The water footprint is a measurement that determines how much water was used in the production of each of the products (t-shirts, jeans, etc.) and services (internet, electricity, etc.) that we use every day.
It is difficult to make these changes overnight, so give yourself some time to adjust to the new choices. Take small steps towards reducing your water footprint. All the best!
Did you learn anything new about water conservation in this episode of Kiki’s knowledge corner? Let us know in the comments below.
“Me-kha-la!” That happens at least once when she introduces herself to new people. She wholeheartedly believes in the quote by Arthur Rubinstein that says – “if you love life, life will love you back”. She is an organizational psychologist and psychometrician. She was a class teacher of 36 adorable girls for two years, grades 2 & 3, as a part of the Teach For India Fellowship. These little girls have a special place in her heart, and when she writes for children, she writes for them!
April 22, 2023
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