July 26, 2020 marks the 21st anniversary of the Kargil Vijay Diwas. On this day, India became successful in its military operation named ‘Operation Vijay’ in Kargil. Operation Vijay’s objective was to reclaim the India occupied territory – Tiger Hill – which was invaded by the Pakistani troops. Kargil Vijay Diwas is a day that reminds us of our soldiers’ gallantry and devotion for the nation.
The Kargil War at a glance:
|Param Vir Chakra||Grenadier||Yogendra Singh Yadav||18 Grenadiers|
|Param Vir Chakra||Lieutenant||Manoj Kumar Pandey||1/11 Gorkha Rifles|
|Param Vir Chakra||Captain||Vikram Batra||13 JAK Rifles|
|Param Vir Chakra||Rifleman||Sanjay Kumar||13 JAK Rifles|
|Mahavir Chakra||Captain||Anuj Nayyar||17 Jat|
|Mahavir Chakra||Major||Rajesh Singh Adhikari||18 Grenadiers|
|Mahavir Chakra||Captain||Gurjinder Singh Suri||12 Bihar|
|Mahavir Chakra||Lieutenant||Balwan Singh||18 Grenadiers|
|Mahavir Chakra||Naik||Imliakum Ao||2 Naga|
|Mahavir Chakra||Captain||Keishing Clifford Nongrum||12 JAK LI|
|Mahavir Chakra||Captain||Neikezhakuo Kenguruse||2 Rajputana Rifles|
|Mahavir Chakra||Major||Padmapani Acharya||2 Rajputana Rifles|
|Mahavir Chakra||Major||Sonam Wangchuk||Ladakh Scouts|
|Mahavir Chakra||Major||Vivek Gupta||2 Rajputana Rifles|
What is the Param Vir Chakra?
The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is the highest gallantry award for officers and other enlisted personnel of all military branches of India. It is awarded for the highest degree of valour in the presence of the enemy. Introduced on January 26, 1950, this award may also be given posthumously.
Derived from Sanskrit, the phrase ‘Param Vir Chakra’ translates to ‘Wheel (or Cross) of the Ultimate Brave’.
A recipient of the PVC, can be awarded the same a second time if they happen to perform an act of bravery again. For every such additional act of bravery, an additional Bar shall be added, it may also be awarded posthumously.
The PVC is the equivalent award of the Medal of Honour in the United States, and the Victoria Cross in the United Kingdom.
One amongst the luminous recipients of this honour was Flying Officer Nirmal Jiit Singh Sekhon, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in 1971. He is the lone Indian Air Force officer to have been honoured with the Param Vir Chakra till date. All the other recipients are from the Indian Army.
Source: India Book – A Reference Annual
What is the Maha Vir Chakra?
The Maha Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air.
The following categories of persons are eligible for the Maha Vir Chakra:
Source: Gallantry Awards
The Indian Army is the pride of our country and Kargil Vijay Diwas is one such day that reminds us of the grit and valour of the brave soldiers who fought and even sacrificed themselves to uphold and safeguard the integrity of the entire nation. We salute the Indian Army for their courage and acknowledge our everlasting debt to them. Jai Hind.
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