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To Mars and Back: Celebrating the Red Planet Day!

Team StoryWeavers|November 09, 2020, 05:14 IST| 108

A long time ago (about 3 or 4 billion years), Earth and Mars were so similar, they seemed like siblings! Even though one appeared blue in colour and the other a little rusty, they were both shrouded in warm and thick temperature and showcased several similarities. While Mars and Earth are very different planets when it comes to size and atmosphere, the geologic processes on the two planets are surprisingly alike. On Mars, we see volcanoes, canyons, and impact basins much like the ones we see on Earth.

Over a period of time, due to certain atmospheric changes, planet Mars stopped changing while the Earth continued to evolve. This made everyone super curious about the rusty red planet. Several space missions were carried out to understand the planet but they failed, proving again and again that space exploration was not easy. After years of failed attempts, on November 28th 1964, Spacecraft Mariner 4 became the first human-made object to successfully fly by Mars. A 228 days long mission, it brought the spacecraft within 6,118 miles of Mars on July 14th, 1965 and provided the world its first close–up images of the planet while answering many scientific questions. Since then, Mars exploration has undergone a renaissance with data from several orbiters and landing missions, developing a revolutionary new view of Mars as an Earth-like planet.

In order to commemorate the successful launch of Mariner 4, November 28th is celebrated as the Red Planet Day. As we celebrate 53 years of ‘Red Planet day’ this year, let’s explore and learn more about the planet Mars and its environment.  

So put on your red coloured clothes and let’s take a fun trip to the red planet with these lesser known facts:

  • The planet Mars has actually been known by several names throughout history. As early as the 400 B.C, the Babylonians began tracking the planet and called it Nergal (the king of conflicts). Later on the Greeks named the planets as Ares, after the God of War, which the Romans also adopted years later.
  • Mars has 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass. The Martian surface gravity is just 37% of the Earth’s, which means, you can leap nearly three times higher on Mars than on Earth!
  • Olympus Mons

    Olympus Mons

    The planet is home to the largest shield volcano-Olympus Mons in the solar system with a height of 21 km and a diameter of 600 km.

  • The minimum distance of the Earth from the red planet is 54.6 million kilometres; close enough for us to gape at its reddish beauty on a clear night sky.
  • Space researchers have estimated that in the next 20-40 million years Mars’ largest moon Phobos will be torn apart by gravitational forces which could lead to formation of a beautiful ring around the planet, lasting up to 100 million years.
  • What’s most exciting is that man may even make it to Mars soon! Yes, Elon Musk and SpaceX have proposed the development of Mars transportation infrastructure in order to facilitate the eventual colonization of the planet. NASA is also making similar claims, saying that a manned mission may be possible in the next 25 years. This could be another huge leap for mankind, turning science fiction into reality.
  • This week NASA’s InSight spacecraft successfully landed on the Red Planet! Insight (short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) won’t be looking for life on Mars. It will help study its insides to get a better understanding of how a planet’s starting materials make it more or less likely to support life.

As one of our closest and most familiar neighbors, the Red Planet has served as the source of legends since the first storytellers slept under the stars. We understand Mars to a degree that we have not even come close to on any other planets or moons. This Red Planet Day, we urge you to follow updates on Mars closely and keep your curiosity alive!

About the Author

Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!

Leave a Comment




December 5, 2020

It was good and we got so much information about mars iam glad to see the beautiful ring when Phobos will torn by gravity and soon nasa is on a mission of mars sending the first drone to mars I think we will succeed the mission and reach the mars I wona see mars nearly,thanks for the author for giving the golden information about mars, and happy red planet day to all in the world have a good day.


December 5, 2020

What will happen if the earth losses it’s fertility

Lakshmi Priya A N

December 2, 2020

mam Online for 9thclasses start

Prashanti Sharma

November 27, 2020

What if after some years mars again starts evolving, can it change itself as a same planet like earth ????

Swati rai

November 26, 2020

What if oxygen is not avilable at earth

Heena nadaf

November 25, 2020

It help me a lot in preparation and I also got more knowledge about planets as well thanks byjus team

Haarika Y.M

November 19, 2020

What if Earth lost all the gasses and the trees,plants stop growing?

Ishika Singh

November 17, 2020

Wow this is very good


November 14, 2020

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Very nice

M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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M.D Ayan

November 13, 2020

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Electrician my question is electricity meditune congested in a electricity

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November 13, 2020

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November 13, 2020

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November 13, 2020

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November 13, 2020

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November 13, 2020



November 12, 2020

If life surly exists on Mars and if people start living what will happen to the earth will everyone go to the red planet and will earth be in a good condition and will Mars be as comfortable as earth to live in

Ankita Adhikary

November 11, 2020

What if earth loses day and night system for 1day

Trishita Gupta

November 10, 2020


Renna fathima. P

November 9, 2020

Very interesting topic.. so please send this kind of knowledge once in all week. We are waiting for that.

Subhra Chakraborti

November 9, 2020

I wanna go there. That’s what I saw in my dreams. I love BYJU’S. Thank you Byju’s for this information.


November 8, 2020

KRISHNAVENI like Hindi movie so much. My favorite subject is Science , I had got 19 / 20. My favorite dessert is Red Velvet Cake

Walter haorei

November 8, 2020

My first doubt is if Mars & earth were similar why don’t they have the same colour,my second doubt is if Mars exits then how it will affect earth,my third doubt is how can we join NASA

Akashdeep singh

November 7, 2020

I like this topic ??

Balvinder Singh

November 7, 2020

I like it

Javeria Fathima

November 7, 2020

I like the topic


November 6, 2020

✨✨Very Interesting topic✨✨

Shaikh Ayesha

November 6, 2020


Jitendra sai

November 6, 2020

I like because there is a lot of fun activities

Harshita Kunwar

November 6, 2020

This ausome I really appreciate and love this.


November 6, 2020

what if there were alian on earth

Ishita Mukhopadhyay

November 5, 2020

If the world ended tomorrow,then what can we do as humans to try and save it for the last time?

Ishmam Mehnaz

November 5, 2020

It’s very good????

Arpit Singh

November 5, 2020

Elon Musk is my huge inspiration because of him now I am more interested space and I have been knowing that Elon Musk one day with SpaceX will make human life settle on Mars one day

Anshika Singh

November 5, 2020

It is quite cool

Aditya Balu Thombe

November 4, 2020

One feature I wil advise that make direct contact between student and mentor by text in byjus app

Adarsh Krishna Mishra

November 4, 2020

What if there is a new dimensions And there is a kind of barrier which stops us to be in higher dimensions


November 4, 2020

Wowww!! I love it I have a great interest in knowing about space and planet mars is the mysterious in our solar system ,and I am very happy to know this all about planet.Thank you so much ??

Rachna Jayakumar

November 4, 2020

What if we have to India??


November 4, 2020

Why do all objects have properties

Ashish Daniel

November 4, 2020

Wow byju s cool can you send more updates on Mars and other planets


November 4, 2020

Thanks for nice and wonderful Infos


November 4, 2020

Wow!!! This information is really useful, especially for budding astronauts or any interested in astronomy… Thank you Byjus!!

Arivanan Goswami

November 4, 2020

Pls visit website

Keshav verma

November 4, 2020

What if moon is larger then earth


November 4, 2020


Amrita Ghosh

November 4, 2020

Please change my timetable give by Byjus team its very hard to maintain it .Please.

Aditya Raj

November 4, 2020

Please send class 3 month 9 study plan please ?


November 3, 2020

What is the temperature of the moon

Arnab Maitra

November 3, 2020

Very essential information for us.

Aman Mishra

November 3, 2020

Thanks byjus for for helping me in understanding maths and seince.I have improved a lot

Bindu Madhavi

November 3, 2020

Thank you for providing us valuable and very very interesting information about the Red planet “MARS” making us more curious about it…..?


November 3, 2020

If there is humans in the mars we will exite sure because they will be different from us to see for everything and if the students who are not interested in scince they will all interest in science ?


November 3, 2020

Can a hill as tall as olympus mons stand upright if it was made up of rock on Earth?

M.D Ayan

November 3, 2020

Mam online 6th ka classes start


November 3, 2020

Happy red planet day from my side to all of you
This is very good book i love it

Anuradha Raghuvanshi

November 3, 2020

What if earth lost oxygen for 10 seconds

Anuradha Raghuvanshi

November 3, 2020

What if earth lost, oxygen for 10 seconds.?


November 2, 2020

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Syed Afrin Bano

March 2, 2019

As BYJU’S is a great galaxy of knowledge and the writing compilation about Planet is as excellent as always.Thank you BYJU’S,and thanks to Tanaya mam.

Syed Afrin Bano

March 2, 2019

So happy to know more about the Planet Mars.Thankyou Byjus and Thank you Tanaya mam for such a beautiful explanation.

Kushal Rl

February 14, 2019

Exploring about things in space is very good Thank you buyjus


February 5, 2019

Interesting this


January 28, 2019

Thank u Byjus, I looking for the topic

Amal Krishna .m

January 14, 2019

Thanx for this great article Byjus and I hope that one day I will become the first
Man to set foot on Mars like Neil Armstrong did on moon

Avlin Saha

January 10, 2019

I love byjus this study is so interesting.


January 3, 2019

Thank-you byjus for this useful information


December 24, 2018

I am too interested in space thanks to bonus for this information


December 20, 2018

Thanks byjus
For providing this amazing information
Thanks ???


December 20, 2018

Thanks byjus
For providing this information
Thanks ???


December 14, 2018

Reading about galaxy ,is one of my favorite…. Thanku byju for giving me more interesting facts about MARS

Ramesh kawale

December 12, 2018

It was great info for all the students to know about red planet

Eleonora Fernandes

December 11, 2018

Really thankful to Byju’s….Exploring more about space facts is something I love doing the most


December 7, 2018

54.6 million cheers for Byju’s?


December 6, 2018

It is really nice to get more knowledge..??
Thank you byjus

Amit Jha

December 5, 2018

Thanks for such an amazing facts about Mars and our planet or dear mother Earth.


December 5, 2018

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Jay yadav

December 2, 2018

I love space exploration and I want to become an astrophysicst so thank you for this information

Paras sehrawat

December 1, 2018

Has life possible on the red planet

Saksham solanki

December 1, 2018

Maybe its possible that life exists on mars


November 30, 2018

I like to read information about space and stars thanks byjus gives a lot of knowledge thank you very much .


November 30, 2018

Thank you Byjus for providing me an interesting topic about mars.I love information about space.


November 30, 2018

Thank u byjus for such great information


November 30, 2018

I love space and research about space so thanks for
This information Byjus

Chinmaya meher

November 30, 2018

I love this topic I want to be an astronaut thanks by ‘jus


November 30, 2018

Byjus it’s very interesting keep sending us facts like this

Anamika Silva

November 30, 2018

Thank you Byjus for this valuable information ?????

Sunny Singh

November 30, 2018

Thanks byjus for providing this information
I am passionate about this type of information
It’s my passion and aim of life


November 30, 2018

Very useful information to know.As I love to study about space and universe

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November 30, 2018

Being a good teacher and also a good friend is not that easy as it sounds like. But it is possible and that’s what Byju’s the learning app did.
They come close to us and mould us in order to become the good future generation of India.
Thanks to the whole team of Byju’s and this is not only for the teachers but also for each and everyone who worked behind this amazing life changing concept….


Milik Ahmed

November 29, 2018

Love Byjus for keeping us updated with informations


November 29, 2018

Thanks Byjus ??? it’s really very important information for us????

Dhanashree Chavan

November 29, 2018

Thanks byjus for providing such interesting facts ??
Always looking forward for further new fun facts!!

Bhadra p varma

November 29, 2018

Thankyou byjus for sharing these facts about my faaaavorite subject: space.. waiting for a telescope.. but now noneed because iam getting more facts about space than from anywhere ….. my dream is to becoma an astronout..???‍??‍??‍?✌✌✌✌

Somya Rathi

November 29, 2018

Thank you so much Byju’s for giving us such interesting facts about red planet.??


November 29, 2018

Thanks for sharing the information.

Aditya verma

November 29, 2018

Thank you byjus team for providing such amazing knowledge

Shrey shah

November 29, 2018

I love to explore about space and planets


November 29, 2018

Thank you byjus to give knowledge about red planet)☺

Araman Parida

November 29, 2018

Thanks Byjus???????????? ???? for giving us such a great information

Araman Parida

November 29, 2018

I like to study about Space and Universe


November 29, 2018

Elon Musk is planning to establish a colony of 1 million on Mars by 2062.

Shreeja karajagi

November 29, 2018

I love learning about the vast solar system. I actually love byjus as it gives a lot of information which can help me in my school. Thank you so much byjus


November 28, 2018

I love to look at stars. They give me peace. Thanks to Byjus, I got to learn a nice fact.

Anuja chaudhari

November 28, 2018

Really I love byjus because it always try to increase aur knowledge ☺️☺️☺️

Charupriya Rewatkar

November 28, 2018

I love exploring about space…. Thanks byjus for providing me this information about Mars…. ??…..


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