The World Health Organisation(WHO) has declared Ebola as a global health emergency. With a fatality rate of 75 percent, Nipah outbreak in India in the last two years created a similar scare in the country. Why should we be worried about the Nipah Virus? Isn’t it just a virus?
Let’s explore what Nipah virus is all about.
What is Nipah Virus?
Nipah virus (NiV) is a newly-emergent pathogen belonging to the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae ( a deadly combination of viruses). It is zoonotic(transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa) in nature. So far, no cure has been found, but intensive supportive care is known to be helpful.
Where was Nipah Virus first discovered?
Nipah was reported first in Malaysia in 1998. Back then, it was believed to be a disease concerned with animals, especially pigs. But in 1999, some pig farmers from Kampung Sungai Nipah area in Malaysia reported a peculiar respiratory disease in their animals. The outbreak among pigs killed over 100 people in a year. A group of scientists from the University of Malaysia found that it was a virus that was causing the ailment. They named it Nipah virus after the name of the town.
Why should we be worried?
How does it affect humans?
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms vary from headache, fever, drowsiness-all of which leads to mental confusion. These symptoms can further progress into a coma within 24 – 48 hours of the virus entering the body. Other symptoms include inflammation in the brain and respiratory illness that can be fatal.
What preventive measures can you take?
Charu, a feminist and an accidental writer, is yet to master the art of writing about herself. Always curious to learn new stuff, she ends up spending a lot of time unlearning the incorrect lessons. She enjoys all sorts of stories – real, fictional, new, old, hers and would love hearing yours too. Feel free to ping her at email@example.com to share anything that you think is worth sharing.
Arya C is a 4th grader who talks about her transition from the US to India and how BYJU`S has helped her at that. She also loves how BYJU`S has made learning a lot more fun.
Meet Sourabh who has a ton to say about his BYJU`S learning experience. His love for quizzes, games and other fun activities are paying off!
V Shriya is a class eight student who has been using BYJU’S for a year now. She shares her experiences with using the app and how it has helped her in improving her academic performance.