Byjus Logo

How did the refrigerator evolve from icehouse stores?

Team StoryWeavers|November 06, 2019, 09:11 IST| 77

Have you ever closed the refrigerator door slowly just to see when the light goes off? And then reopened the door immediately to double-check on the light? From cooling yourself in front of an open refrigerator during summers to collecting fridge magnets and sticking to-do lists on it, life without refrigerators would, certainly, be different. Isn’t it?

Now that we have refrigerators, we have to thank American inventor Oliver Evans, who designed the first refrigeration machine in 1805. Since then, refrigerators have come a long way– modified and redesigned to meet growing demands. 

How does a refrigerator work?

When you buy a packet of milk and leave it in the kitchen for a couple of hours, the milk gets spoiled. This happens because of the rapid growth of bacteria in the milk. But when you refrigerate the milk, the low temperature in the fridge helps in slowing the growth of bacteria. Hence, the milk stays fresh for a longer time.

In this month’s #evolutionofeverything, let’s take a tour through the history of the evolution of refrigerators.

What do you think would be the next step in the evolution of refrigerators? Tell us below in the comments.

Like this story? Read similar stories at The Learning Tree.

About the Author

Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!

Leave a Comment




June 18, 2020

In future , may be a refrigerator without using electrical or any other form of energy.
It may be able to take the heat from the product kept for cooling and
Convert it to get the chilling or freezing using a catalyst. something like mineral or compound
Found in nature or synthetic.

Mitadru Sau

April 9, 2020

BYJU’S provides history of things which we read or operate without thinking of their history or evolution

Samadrita sen

March 1, 2020



January 5, 2020


Aditya Narayan Mazumder

January 5, 2020

Wow what a wonderful history

Aditya Narayan Mazumder

January 5, 2020

What a great history of refrigerators from BYJU’S The Learning App

Ananya Raghuwanshi

December 13, 2019

I didn’t know that refrigerator has also a long history behind them . Thanks a lot byjus for giving me knowledge


December 12, 2019

The history of the refigerator would be so amazing i didnt know! Thank you byjus for the knowledge

Ankita Nath

December 12, 2019

I never knew that the evolution of refrigerators can be so interesting to learn about!
Thank you Byjus


December 10, 2019

Thanks for Albert Einstein. He is my favorite scientist

Ayush raj

November 27, 2019

there are two doors in the refrigerator the small one in up and big in down or big in down and small in upper
I guess, the next step for an evolution of refrigerator there will be three-door one small door in up and one
In down and big one in middle

Nithyashree G

November 22, 2019

Thanks to Great Inventors Egyptians, Scottish Doctor Willam Cullan as well thanks a lot to Mr. Oliver
Evans of America for Refrigerator invention.

Samira. S

November 16, 2019

Is there is anyway to make a refrigerator without making global warming


November 13, 2019

Thanks byjus for telling the evolution of refrigerators

Ayush Rajput

November 11, 2019

Next step in this journey is make refrigerator which is eco friendly and do not cause any harm to environment

Aiden Acto

November 10, 2019

WOW ! It is very amazing to know the evolution of refrigerator.

Sakshi Singh

November 10, 2019

The monthly topics of evolution Helps me to gain knowledge out of it…..
Thanks BYJU’S for this…..

Parikshith raj

November 8, 2019

I never thought that rapid heating of liquid to gas causes cooling.

SNEHA kaushik

November 7, 2019

This topic is really very good. Even with my classmates I discussed this topic and that’s make me really happy


November 7, 2019

I did not know the history of refrigerators . But I know it now.Thanks . Byjus the learning app.

Sai Vaibhav

November 7, 2019

Next step in evolution of refregirators is they will be voice controlled and Will be robotic


November 6, 2019

Really appreciable invention!!!☺️☺️


November 6, 2019

Thanks for this useful and important information…I didn’t know the history of the refrigerator


November 6, 2019

Thank you bujhe for giving us knowledge apart from coarses
But before 1700s if they needed cold water how do the got it

Aryan Roshan Gujarathi

November 5, 2019

Thanks BYJU’S for the information . It was awesome knowing history of refrigerators. Now I know the history of refrigerators.

Harshit chaudhary

November 5, 2019

I think the future refrigerator will
Be Robot who will themself take
Different projects and provide them
When needed.

Krishna periwal

November 5, 2019

Amazing discovery by humans a round of ?

Shruti satardekar

November 5, 2019

Thanks for new knowledge was amazing knowing the history of refrigerator.


November 5, 2019

But how does it actually work?


November 5, 2019

Very useful…..

Kritika kashyap

November 5, 2019

Amazing! Thanks Byjus

Kritika kashyap

November 5, 2019

Have great fun about knowing about refrigerator!

Akshat Singh Tomar

November 5, 2019

My byju study helps me to learn someting new every day.

Anant agarwal

November 5, 2019

The next step of evolution of refrigerator is….it should have a remote to open n close the door

Anant agarwal

November 5, 2019

The next step of evolvetion of refrigerator ….it should me connected with mobile phone so that we can handle refrigerator easily when we are outside

Laxmi Saini

November 4, 2019


Anshika pundir

November 4, 2019

Next will may be how we can make them mobile and smart computerised automatic controller energy saving refrigerator

Janesha Sharma

November 4, 2019

Different chambers for different food items and different temperatures controls can be introduced in refrigerators
Use of antimicrobial material in refrigerators

Yasmin Feroze

November 4, 2019

Hi Tanaya…my son is 12 yrs old going to turn 13 this month. How do I make him love books and reading?
He loves reading magazines on cars but novels are a no no.
Please suggest some way to make him read books.

Hashmi Insha

November 4, 2019

Refrigerator gives off harmful gases which affect the ozone layer.
Therefore we shouldn’t keep the refrigerator open unnecessarily.

Hashmi Insha

November 4, 2019

It takes about 5 mins to cool the food in the refrigerator.

Aditya Dwivedi

November 4, 2019

We have to submit about this to you or not. Please kindly inform me about this. I will be highly obliged.Thank you

Razin Keelath

November 3, 2019

I think that next-generation refrigerators could be controlled by a voice assistant and also refrigerators come with a small size.

Ninad Patil

November 3, 2019

The next generation of refrigerators can have AI which can be controlled by voice to bring things to us with the help of robots

Sachi gunda

November 3, 2019

I think the next step in the evolution of refrigerators is that the
refrigerator will make cold deserts (sweet) we have to put only the
Ingredients and it will make cold deserts or sweets and gives it out
and we can eat the deserts or store it inside the refrigerator. ☺☺

Hansi Pandey

November 3, 2019

It should be like “carrying refrigerator”.
Without plug-in the wire. Instead of it
We can use some charging power to use that.
Once we charged it ,now we can carry it to anywhere.

Jnanesha. V

November 3, 2019

Send messages about chandrayaan 2

Preksha gupta

November 3, 2019

Good knowledge and information has been shared about a topic no one thinks much – Refrigerators!!. Thank you BYJU’S


November 3, 2019

Thanks Byju’s for such a great information ???✨??


November 3, 2019

Next step in refrigerators can be that there will be a different spot for every food item such as vegetables different fruits different milk different etc

Nehal surve

November 3, 2019

There must be automatic refrigerators.


November 3, 2019

It is very useful for children

Prathvi mali

November 2, 2019

I like to learn on byjus helps to me in my studies .
And I like this information

Khushpreet kaur

November 2, 2019

Instead of chloroflouro carbon we can use any other gas which is not much harmful for our environment and also which can be a good substitute of chloroflouro carbon that can maintain the temp.inside the refrigerator

Neha N B

November 2, 2019

The next step in the evolution of refrigerator would be an eco-friendly refrigerator with the least usage of CFC’s. One would be able to channelise the whole refrigerator within his mobile phone or it would be created using nano technologies which can be carried to different places thus hogging chilled food at all possible times!

Abhinash Mohanta

November 2, 2019

As nowadays there is the rapid development of science and technology,in future in 22nd or the 23rd century the 5th fifth generation of computers or A.I. computers will be used in refrigerators. They will know what is kept in the them accordingly they will arrange the food into different compartments automatically. After arranging the food they would give different temperature to different foods according to their requirements and keeping them fresh for a much greater time than the refrigerators of 21st century. They will automatically open if a person comes near it shows his or her hand.
This will be next evolution of refrigerators according to me.
Thank you.

Pranjal Banthia

November 2, 2019

Is it true

Anjali Gupta

November 2, 2019

It must have more features like it will keep things fresh for more than two months,more advance thing from freezer and many more things

Mimansha Sharma

November 2, 2019

Till now we have to only control the refrigerator (with remote or whatever).It may that referigerator can automatically set temperature according to the need of the product.It may that we can use features of mobile phones there on the door of the referigerator to serve as entertainment purpose
In coming evolution it may that referigerator can serve for dual purpose i.e.for heating and cooling.It would be two in one as it could also serve as microwave oven.


November 2, 2019

In the next step of the evolution of refrigerator we may be able to extend the life of the food by installing a bacteria killing device in refrigerator. We may keep in track with the growth of bacteria in the refigerator.


November 2, 2019

Maybe the coming refrigerators will have an alarm and tell us when the ice cream is ready!

Karthika reddy

November 2, 2019

I think refrigerators will be portable and you can take it anywhere you go

Deshmukh Mohammed Rayyan

November 2, 2019

Byju’s the mind blowing learning app it makes learning funand enjoyable

Jesvi Maria Biju

November 2, 2019

Amazing !!!???????

Sameer Bhardwaj

November 2, 2019

In the next generation refrigerators will come with batteries attached to it which will power it and a solar panel so it will be able to get energy from sun to cool.


November 2, 2019

The modern refrigerator will be solar monocular dispenser.This refrigator run from solar enery connectad automatically with the refigerator and it make pure ice from water molucules present in the refrigetor


November 2, 2019

Nice I am sneha I like this think


November 2, 2019

This will help me a lot
Thank you


November 2, 2019

All refrigerator are developed these days and even one are getting well advanced


November 2, 2019

Portable refrigerator


November 2, 2019

Great facts. Thanks byju’s.

Nikhil Behere

November 2, 2019

Thanks byjus for the information about think we use in our day to day
life for eating fresh product and keeping it maintained


November 2, 2019

BYJU’S is a great app. It is helping me a lot in studies and to score great marks.

Sourav J

November 1, 2019

I didn’t knew about this history of refrigerators! Thank you byjus for this piece of info

Anuj Kumar Gupta

October 31, 2019

Thanks to American inventor Oliver Evans. But hey how the peoples lives without refrigerator??!!


Join 100+MN Registered BYJU'S Users

Book Your Free Class Now

Thank you!

Your details have been submitted