During the lockdown, amidst the tales of curious animals casually taking a stroll in our neighbourhood and wildlife returning to unexpected places, a group of scientists in Madagascar was busy studying a new species of frog.
This frog belongs to the genus Rhombophryne that has doubled in diversity over the last decade. The frog has a golden shiny layer with orange flash-markings on the legs and large black spots on the hip. The lead researcher, Dr Mark D. Scherz, described this distinctive frog as a new species of diamond frog found in this island country of Eastern Africa.
An accidental discovery
Nature plays a significant role in the growth and development of all the species. A sudden change in nature, like bad weather, a cyclone, or a land erosion, forces many species to adapt to the situation. This is due to their innate ability to assess risk as they grow. This change also forces some species to change their habitat. One such change in nature forced these rare diamond frog species to come out from their hidden places. This bright and shiny species, Rhombophryne ellae, was caught just as Cyclone Ava was moving in on Madagascar a few months ago.
When it comes to biodiversity, Madagascar flaunts a plethora of flora and fauna. Its rich diversity offers scientists a wealth of surprises, leading them to discover and study numerous new species. One such place that is widely known for its endemic diverse flora, fauna, waterfalls, and crater lakes is the national park of northern Madagascar, the Montagne d’Ambre. This rare species of diamond frog was first noticed in this park.
Madagascar is a biological hotspot for reptiles and amphibians. The island hosts more than 200,000 known species, with over 100 kinds of unique lemurs, 300 different species of frogs, and 33 different species of tenrecs: miniature hedgehog-like animals that are found only in Madagascar.
Its ecosystem and extraordinary wildlife is so distinct that approximately 80 percent of its reptiles, mammals, and plant life exist nowhere else on Earth.
Here is a list of unique and fascinating species found only in Madagascar.
Madagascar is home to the world’s smallest chameleon called Brookesia micra. The chameleon is so tiny that it can crawl on the nail of an adult human fingertip. According to researchers, the chameleon reaches a maximum size of 16mm.
This fascinating-looking, bright-red-winged rainforest beetle gets its name due to its enormously long neck. The beetle can use its extended neck to battle for a mate, but it also has the strength to bend and roll up a large leaf to protect its egg. Most of its body parts are black and it grows to an average height of 2.5cm.
Also called the Madagascar Coucal, the blue coua is known for its striking deep blue feathers. Although belonging to the family of cuckoo birds, the blue coua is not parasitic like the cuckoo and builds its own nest with leaves and twigs. They lay only one egg during their breeding period and hence hide their nest in trees and bushes. Interesting, isn’t, it?
They are the largest carnivores found only in Madagascar. They are strong with a muscular body and a short reddish-brown coat and are agile climbers. Fossas look like a cross between a cat, a dog, and a mongoose. They have small cat-like heads, short, dog-like muzzles and have large rounded-ears. Considering that Fossas are the largest land carnivores found in Madagascar, they grow up to an average height of just 73 cm.
A magical land in the Indian ocean, Madagascar is home to some of the most unique and rare species of wildlife in the entire world. Its forest never ceased to amaze scientists and with the discovery of the new diamond frog, the forest opened yet another of its secret doors to evolution.
What will be the next evolution of these diamond frogs? Tell us in the comments below.
Liked this story? Read more such interesting stories in The Learning Tree blog
Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at [email protected] if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!
My mentor Raksha Chettri has been my pillar of strength from day one. It is her constant guidance and encouraging words that have helped me become a lifelong learner. A big thanks to her and BYJU'S - The Learning App.
BYJU'S app has helped me understand Maths and Science in a fun way. Now, I study from the app, understand concepts, and then go through my textbooks.
BYJU'S is the bridge that connects my imagination to my reality. The engaging study videos with real-life examples help me understand concepts not only from an exam point of view but as a lesson for life.