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What does a software engineer do?

Team StoryWeavers|April 26, 2022, 08:46 IST| 114

Before we begin, here’s a quick question for you. How many devices can you name that you use every day?

You might start with… 

  • Computer
  • Video gaming console 
  • Refrigerator
  • Television
  • Mobile phone

And the list goes on! Did you know all these devices were created with the help of software engineers?  

Wondering how?  

Let’s understand the role of a software engineer.

What does a software engineer do?

Software engineers are ones who combine their knowledge of maths and computer science to develop, design, code, and test programs designed to run on a device. These programs might be designed to help us communicate, travel, or  learn new things.

Software engineering is a promising career choice. If you love computers and are interested in coding, a career in software engineering may be a good choice.

So, let’s dive deep, and understand what it takes to be a software engineer. 

What skills do you require to become a Software Engineer?

As a software engineer, you’ll have a lot on your plate. Having these skills will help you be more efficient. 

Problem-solving and logical thinking: Software problems can occur from even the smallest of errors. Hence, you must possess strong problem-solving and logical thinking skills.

Analytical thinking: You should be able to analyze complex technical information.

Numerical skills: You need to be strong with numbers. So, put in extra effort in mathematics. 

Innovative thinker: Develop an ability to look into a situation and come up with out of the box solutions. 

Career Scope of Software Engineering

Software engineers have a wide scope when it comes to jobs. Here are some key areas where software engineers are employed. 

Everything you see on a website, the apps you use on different devices and the placement of various icons on your mobile phone – all this is possible with the help of a front-end developer. They work closely with graphic designers and copywriters to make the user interfaces of any device easy to use. For example, the images and text colour on this article will appear the same on all devices, thanks to the front-end developers. In order to be a front-end developer, you need to be strong in computer languages like HTML, CSS, and Javascript.

For every website, there is a back end server, an application, and a database, which makes the website run fast. A back-end developer stores all the data and ensures that the front-end runs smoothly and effortlessly. In short, a back-end developer maintains the technology that powers the components to run. You need to be strong in languages like PHP, C++, Java, JavaScript, Python, and others in order to become a back-end developer.  

As software engineers, a lot of interesting opportunities open up in the field of gaming. You can write codes for major game developing companies and work closely with game developers and designers. You can read more about building a Career in Game Development here.

As an embedded system developer, you’ll get to create codes for electronic appliances that require embedded software, like a refrigerator, microwave, printer, oven, and toaster. For this role, you need to have an excellent understanding of computer languages such as Java, XML, Perl, Python, C/C++ Shell Scripting, and others. 

You can also opt for a career opportunity in the field of Data Science. There’s a tremendous amount of innovation in data science has taken place over the years, where computer languages like Python to capture data. You can read more about a career as a Data Scientist here.

What do you need to study to become a software engineer?

  • The first step is to opt for science with a PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) combination in your 11th and 12th.  
  • The next step is to write an entrance exam to get into a college. Here is the list of major entrance exam conducted by various colleges:
    • CUSAT CAT (Cochin University of Science and Technology Common Admission Test)
    • JEE Mains and Advanced
    • Manipal Entrance Test
    • BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)
  • Then earn a graduate degree in BCA (Bachelor in Computer Application). Many students also opt for B.Sc/BE/BTech/B.InfTech for their graduation. 
  • With an engineering degree, you can become an associate software engineer, but you need to spend enough time learning various computer languages. You can do that by taking up an internship during your graduation. 
  • You can also get a diploma in software engineering before you start working as a software engineer or a software developer. 
  • You can specialize at a postgraduate level by completing an MCA (Masters in Computer Application) course, MSc in software engineering or any other relevant course. In order to do that, you need to take an entrance test. Here is a list of major entrance tests for post-graduation in software engineering:
    • GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)
    • VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance)
    • BITSAT 

Where to study?

Apart from the top engineering institutes like IITs and NITs, here is a list of other engineering colleges in India:

  • Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad
  • SRM Engineering College, Kanchipuram
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
  • Delhi Technological University, New Delhi
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Bhubaneswar
  • Amity University, Noida
  • RV College of Engineering, Bangalore


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About the Author

Books are Tanaya Goswami’s first love and cheesecakes come a close second. Talking about movies, music, calligraphy, politics, and Elon Musk will get you listed under the friends’ section of her diary. Ever since moving on from her job as an English lecturer, she spends her time at BYJU’S crafting stories filled with emotion and sprinkled with sarcasm. Outside of work, she’s either learning something new (French, most recently!) or is curled up with a book and a cup of coffee. She firmly believes that discovering what you don’t know is the key to knowledge and is constantly working towards improving herself. Drop in a line at if you liked her stories, have something nice to say, or if you have compelling ideas to share!

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April 3, 2021

Thanks byju’s
My dream is to be a data scientist


April 3, 2021

Please send about doctors and IAS officers

Rounak Shekhar Jena

February 14, 2021

Thanks a lot to Byju’s and the author of this article. My Dream is to become a Successful software Engineer and and a Big entrepreneur and also a Digital Media Creator. I will give my 100% and truly succeed in it !

Vidip Sharma

August 4, 2020

I am vidip sharma and I really really really really want to become a software engineer its my dream from the age when i am 11 years old at any rate i want to become software engineer and byju’s has encouraged me to approach my position and after reading the above article now i am full of energy and boosted and your comments also inspired me a lot so please encourage me like this only my dear friends and byju’s……………..?


July 31, 2020

I want to make software engineer ?⌨️?


July 25, 2020

Thank you byju’s,I like this article so much and my ambition is to become a software engineer

Shubham Verma

July 12, 2020

Please tell me the best college for (BSC) and (MSC)


June 30, 2020

Can you have a course of game developing and software engineering .??????

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June 17, 2020

I want to become a ethical Hacker or bugs fider


June 12, 2020

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Thank you byjus

Neha Kumari

June 1, 2020

That’s my dream. I also want to be a data scientist. And after I saw it is Python that we really need to master as a language, which I have already learned to a great level , my hopes are getting really high. I wish myself a very good luck and all others who want to take a career in this field.?


May 27, 2020

Like!! Thank you for publishing this awesome article.


May 22, 2020

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May 4, 2020

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Aboli Indapawar

April 25, 2020

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I love computers and my life goal is to become a software engineer.
I really didn’t know that it takes so much to become a software engineer. I will try my best to achieve my dream and ofcourse Byju’s is there to support me!!!


April 22, 2020

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What does CA do??

Pooboni nishitha

April 16, 2020

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April 14, 2020

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April 4, 2020

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March 27, 2020

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Om Prakash das

March 25, 2020

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March 23, 2020

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Please guide us.


March 22, 2020

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March 20, 2020 aim is software engineer.

Kunal Deshmukh

March 19, 2020

Please tell me how to become a scientist


March 19, 2020

Please also show the path for an architect

manoj chaudhari

March 17, 2020

Can you please tell me what efforts I should take to Become an astronaut

Pragathi kumari

March 17, 2020

I am requesting to byjus team to make a content
On career scope IAS…..


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Please byju’s team can give a guide and information on chartered accountant (CA)


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March 12, 2020

Please send about doctors

Nishant Mishra

March 12, 2020

I want to be a Web developer
And also I like chemistry a lot

Anidhya Patro

March 11, 2020

I am very grateful for this
Thank You


March 10, 2020

Can you give information about automotive engineering

Sanchita Pawar

March 9, 2020

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March 9, 2020

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And I want to become a IIT engineers
Please guide me


March 9, 2020

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March 8, 2020


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March 8, 2020

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Harshit Sahani

March 7, 2020

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my dream is to become a software engineer


March 7, 2020

Thank you so much byju’s.My aim is to become a software engineer and this will help me a lot.

Trishan Saha

March 6, 2020



March 6, 2020

Please tell about careerscope in mechanical engineering


March 6, 2020

Can you pls send about Artificial intelligence ?


March 6, 2020

My aim is software engineering
Thanks for your help

Nehal surve

March 6, 2020

Next time send something about how to become a doctor.

Gopinath Panigrahi

March 6, 2020

I want to become a software engineer and game developer

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March 5, 2020

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Please al the information
It replay means a lot please tell

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March 5, 2020

My aim is to be an software engineer


March 5, 2020

Super ???


March 5, 2020

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Abhinav LG

March 5, 2020

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March 5, 2020

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March 5, 2020

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I am also inspired by him

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March 5, 2020

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Jay Kumar Lal

March 5, 2020

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March 5, 2020

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March 5, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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Country by doing something big in field of information technology


March 4, 2020

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Thank You Byju’s and also the software engineers and writers who provide us this information !


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What must I do to become a successful career in field of pilot

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March 4, 2020

Next article shall be about how to become an IT Professional.,

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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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Bhavesh Bisen

March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

What about doctors.


March 4, 2020

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Harvir Kaur

March 4, 2020

Thanks for explanation. ????

Rohit Prajapati

March 4, 2020

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I want to be a automobile/software/
Engineer ?


March 4, 2020

Please make such an informative article on mechanical engineering as well.
I would love to know about it.
Thank you


March 4, 2020

I am also a game developer and learning machine learning and deep learning these are the subfield of AI. This is what the Data Scientists do


March 4, 2020

Please can you tell that how games are made by Software engineering?


March 4, 2020

Can u say about what an architect does


March 4, 2020

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Plz keep informing about others too

Sriya Srijith

March 4, 2020

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Sriya Srijith

March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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My aim is also to became a successful

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March 4, 2020

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Thanks byjus for providing this information


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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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March 4, 2020

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Vijay B

March 4, 2020

Great article, Tanaya!
Please also attempt to publish similar articles for other streams as well – like a Mechanical Engineer, Electrical Engineer etc.
Please also include Non-Engineering streams as well – because these kids should know what each of them is about and then take the best decision before they pass out their grade X.

Many thanks,
Vijay B

Rohit Dwivedi

March 3, 2020

First of all, thank you very much for this information……
Basically my scope is to become a software engineer and I have got much knowledge from above information.
Now I can practice much more in problem solving, logical and innovative thinking…..


March 3, 2020

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Summer chauhan

March 3, 2020

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Thank you so kuch


March 3, 2020

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March 3, 2020

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March 3, 2020

I love ? computers ?

Gondimalla Sai Vishwak

March 3, 2020

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Ankita Panigrahi

March 3, 2020

Plz send about scientists

M Subham Das

March 3, 2020

Thank you , My aim is also Software Engneering .


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