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Facts about the longest day of the year | Summer solstice 2022

Team StoryWeavers|March 09, 2022, 11:24 IST| 103

Summer solstice (June 21) is here marking the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere (the part of the earth that is north of the equator). It’s an event when the path of the sun is farthest north in the northern hemisphere. During the summer solstice, the sun travels longest in the sky, therefore most daylight.The summer solstice happens in the month of June and hence is also known as the June solstice.

What happens during the summer solstice?

It takes the Earth 365 days to complete a trip around the sun. While the earth is revolving around the sun, it’s also continuously spinning on its own axis. An axis is an imaginary line running from the North Pole to the South Pole around which the earth rotates. One rotation takes 24 hours and is divided into day and night.

During the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, the North Pole is tilted (at exactly 23.4 degrees) towards the sun. Therefore, countries like India, China, Russia, UK, USA, and Canada receive more daylight. This phenomenon occurs once a year (between June 21 and 23) in the northern hemisphere, making it the longest day of the year.

Six months later, the tilt gradually moves away from the sun. This happens around December 21 to 23 when the northern hemisphere is facing away from the sun.This event is called the winter solstice or the longest night of the year. This is the summer solstice for the southern hemisphere (the part of the earth that is south of the equator) which comprises countries like Australia, Argentina, Chile, New Zealand and South Africa.

In order to better understand the summer solstice one needs to understand the rotation of the Earth with respect to the sun. Here is video that explains just that.

When is the summer solstice in 2022?

The longest day of the year or quite simply the summer solstice, 2022 in the Northern Hemisphere will be at 2:43 pm(IST) on the 21st of June which falls on a Tuesday.

Facts about summer solstice:

  • The longest day recorded in the earth’s history was June 22, 1912.
  • The summer solstice may be the “longest day” of the year but it’s not the latest sunset. In fact, Nor is it the earliest sunrise! The latest sunsets are witnessed after the summer solstice whereas the earliest sunrises take place before the summer solstice.
  • The word ‘solstice’ is derived from Latin words – sun (sol) and (sistere) means to stand still – the time in which the sun appears to stand still moving in either of the directions for several days.
  • Stonehenge is said to be built to mark the summer solstice.The sun rises right at the top of the Heel Stone, which is the entrance to the stone circle. As the day progresses, the sun then travels towards the centre of the monument.
  • On this day, the Sun rises from the farthest left on the horizon and sets in its rightmost possible spot for the year.

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June 20, 2019

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June 20, 2019

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Shreedhanya. M

June 20, 2019



June 20, 2019

This is some I don’t know about


June 20, 2019

Superb information byjus

Ansh Shah

June 20, 2019

I don’t know about Summer solstice and winter solstice. Thanks byju’s Team.

Qansa zufi

June 20, 2019

This information was very shocking for me because I never thought that there could be a day which is said to be the longest day because I always thought that every day was LONG.And I also thank byjus ❤️for giving me this information because I can use this information for tomorrows assembly in our school? And also keep it as a knowledge ?.Thanks byjus ❤️ again

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June 20, 2019

When i receive my study materials


June 20, 2019

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June 20, 2019

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Mansoor rupawala

June 20, 2019

I will take part in summer camp

Chowdhury Mohammed Saeed

June 20, 2019

It was explained in detail. A lot of my concepts got cleared by reading this

Gayathri Anoop

June 20, 2019

Thank you for the amazing fact that you
have provided. This was an information
which I was not aware about, even though
I have learnt about SUMMER SOLSTICE. I
would surely share it with my family and
friends. Thank you BYJU’S.?


June 20, 2019

There will be too hot or Only longer days

Pratishthaa Koul

June 20, 2019



June 20, 2019

Nice…help to know about the day….happy learning….thank you BYJU’s


June 20, 2019

It means I can sleep in the day as well, as the night will be too short! ? ? ?


June 20, 2019

wow!!!! amazing. my favourat class science is tommorow

Pranjal Gautam

June 20, 2019

Thanks for such a wonderful information. Really knowledgeable

Hanna Arif

June 20, 2019

Thank you byjus… This is a portion in my geography subject..


June 20, 2019

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June 20, 2019

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June 20, 2019

Thank you for giving us extra knowledge


June 20, 2019

Thanks for this article. this is more helpful general knowledge awareness

Gopala Reddy

June 20, 2019


Patil jay anil

June 20, 2019

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June 20, 2019

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It makes me feel special because I’ve my birthday on 22nd June. 🙂


June 20, 2019

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Vikky Jakhar

June 20, 2019

Tomorrow is the longest day and best for me of the year

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June 20, 2019

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Yash Srivastava

June 20, 2019

Amazing information I didn’t knew about it earlier. Thanks Byjus.

Dibyadeep Vikramjit Karmakar

June 20, 2019

Wow, such a great night of the longest day
Which I am just feeling.

Aaska keshari

June 20, 2019

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Ishan Kundu

June 20, 2019

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June 20, 2019

Kids get to learn more.


June 20, 2019

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Ujjayan Ghosh

June 20, 2019

What is the angle of degree that is formed during summer solstice?


June 20, 2019

I know all about longest day of the year

Harjas Kaur

June 20, 2019

Well, thanks so much byju’s for keeping us updated with the happenings around. I had this notion in my mind that the longest day is 25th of June and had no idea why! Now i know why and that it may wary from every continent and the dates in that particular region, every year, woukd change.
Thanks a lot again!


June 21, 2019

Very nice got to know more things


June 21, 2019

happy summer solstice day to all

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019



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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

The most beautiful day in the year
Geographicaly??? the longest day??
in northern hemisphere.
Internationally? its Int. Yoga Day?‍♀️?.
And personaly my birthday??????.


June 21, 2019

I know the dates of longest day &nights but I don’t know why?now I got clear information thank you.


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Israel Dias

June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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Byjus option
Thanks for information the longest summer stoic
day but I do,t no this day(jun21)

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 21, 2019

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June 22, 2019

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June 22, 2019

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June 22, 2019

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June 22, 2019

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June 22, 2019

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June 22, 2019

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June 23, 2019

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June 23, 2019

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June 23, 2019

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June 23, 2019

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June 26, 2019

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June 26, 2019

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July 1, 2019

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